Michel Loreau

Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling
Station d’Ecologie Théorique et Expérimentale du CNRS
09200 Moulis, France

Phone: +33 (0) 5 61 04 05 78
Email: michel.loreau@sete.cnrs.fr


Research interests

My research goal is to build the theoretical foundations of a new ecological synthesis that integrates the divergent perspectives of community ecology, evolutionary ecology and ecosystem ecology. I view theory as a powerful tool to generate, clarify and generalise new concepts and hypotheses; accordingly, I attach great importance to a tight interaction between the mathematical models I develop and empirical or experimental work on a wide range of ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic.

My main research theme during the past twenty years has been the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and the ecological and societal consequences of biodiversity loss. This new field of research has experienced a dramatic growth to which I have strongly contributed, not only through my scientific work but also through my responsibilities in multiple national and international initiatives. I have also laid the theoretical foundations of two other new research fields that address the spatial and evolutionary dimensions of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: metacommunity and metaecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecosystem ecology. Lastly, I have championed an integrative biodiversity science that transcends disciplinary boundaries.

Science and policy
I strongly believe that science should become aware of its social responsibilities. Therefore, I have devoted significant efforts to fostering new research initiatives and linking science and policy in the area of biodiversity and ecosystem services internationally. I have been member of numerous national and international scientific committees. In particular, I initiated and chaired the Linking Community and Ecosystem Ecology programme of the European Science Foundation; I restructured and chaired DIVERSITAS, the international programme of biodiversity science; I chaired the International Conference Biodiversity Science and Governance organised by France under the high patronage of the President of the French Republic and the Director-General of UNESCO; and I initiated and chaired the consultative process towards an International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity, which gave birth to the Intergovernmental science−policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.


 

Summary CV

I am currently Research Director of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Director of the Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling in Moulis. After receiving my Ph.D. from the Free University of Brussels (Belgium), I was Research Assistant and Senior Research Assistant of the National Fund for Scientific Research (Belgium), Assistant Lecturer and Lecturer at the Free University of Brussels, Programme Manager at the Science Policy Office (Belgium), Professor at Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris, France), and Professor and Canada Research Chair in Theoretical Ecology at McGill University (Montreal, Canada).

Awards and Distinctions
- Member of the Academia Europaea
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
- Highly cited researcher in the field of Ecology/Environment, ISI Web of Knowledge
- The Queen Elisabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (Canada), 2013
- Per Brinck Oikos Award, 2011
- Silver Medal of the National Centre for Scientific Research (France), 2004
- International Ecology Institute Prize, 2002
- Max Poll Prize, Royal Academy of Belgium, 1993
- Agathon De Potter Prize, Royal Academy of Belgium, 1991
- Paul Brien Prize (Belgium), 1976

Editorial Boards
I have participated in the editorial boards of the best ecology journals, including Ecology Letters, The American Naturalist, Ecology, Ecological Monographs, and Oecologia.

I am currently member of the editorial board of PLoS Biology and of the advisory boards of PLoS Biology and Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. I am also head of the section Community Ecology and Biodiversity of the Faculty of 1000.


Publications

Author of over 300 scientific publications, among which 6 books and numerous papers in the top disciplinary and multidisciplinary journals (5 in Nature, 5 in Science, 7 in PNAS, 16 in Ecology Letters,…).

Books

  • Billé, R., Cury, P.,Loreau, M. & Maris, V., 2014. —Biodiversité : Vers une Sixième Extinction de Masse. Editions La Ville Brûle, Montreuil, France, 199 pp.
  • Loreau, M., 2010. — From Populations to Ecosystems: Theoretical Foundations for a New Ecological Synthesis. Monographs in Population Biology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 297 pp.
  • Loreau, M., 2010. — The Challenges of Biodiversity Science. Excellence in Ecology, International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, 120 pp. Download
  • Levin, S. A., Carpenter, S. R., Godfray, H. C. J., Kinzig, A. P., Loreau, M., Losos, J. B., Walker, B. & Wilcove, D. S. (Eds), 2009. — The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 809 pp.
  • Naeem, S., Bunker, D. E., Hector, A., Loreau, M. & Perrings, C. (Eds), 2009. — Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 368 pp.
  • Loreau, M., Naeem, S. & Inchausti, P. (Eds), 2002. — Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 294 pp.
  • Desender, K., Dufrêne, M., Loreau, M., Luff, M. L. & Maelfait, J.-P. (Eds), 1994. — Carabid Beetles: Ecology and Evolution. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 474 pp.

Selected papers available as PDF files


2017


  • Lafuite A.-S., de Mazancourt C. and Loreau M. (2017) — Delayed behavioural shifts undermine the sustainability of social–ecological systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Download
  • Tekwa E.W., Nguyen D., Loreau M. and Gonzalez A. (2017) — Defector clustering is linked to cooperation in a pathogenic bacterium. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 284: 20172001. Download
  • Arnoldi J.-F., Bideault A., Loreau M. and Haegeman B. (2017) — How ecosystems recover from pulse perturbations: A theory of short- to long-term responses. Journal of Theoretical Biology 436 (2018) 79–92. Download
  • Vallina S.M., Cermeno P., Dutkiewicz S., Loreau M., Montoya J.M. (2017) — Phytoplankton functional diversity increases ecosystem productivity and stability. Ecological Modelling 361, 184–196. Download
  • Zhang Y., Loreau M., He N., Zhang G. and Han X. (2017) — Mowing exacerbates the loss of ecosystem stability under nitrogen enrichment in a temperate grassland. Functional Ecology, 31, 1637–1646. Download
  • Calcagno V., Jarne P., Loreau M., Mouquet N. and David P. (2017) — Diversity spurs diversification in ecological communities. Nature Communications 8, 15810. Download
  • Isbell F., Gonzalez A., Loreau M., Cowles J., Díaz S., Hector A., Mace G.M., Wardle D.A., O’Connor M.I. Duffy J.E., Turnbull L.A., Thompson P.L. and Larigauderie A. (2017) — Linking the influence and dependence of people on biodiversity across scales. Nature 546, 65. Download

  • Wang S., Loreau M., Arnoldi J.-F., Fang J., Abd Rahman A., Tao S. and de Mazancourt C. (2017) — An invariability-area relationship sheds new light on the spatial scaling of ecological stability. Nature Communications 8, 15211. Download

  • Klemmer A. and Loreau M. (2017) — Breaking Through Ecosystem Boundaries. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 98(2), 95-98. Download

  • Tredennick A.T., de Mazancourt C., Loreau M. and Adler P.B. (2017) — Environmental responses, not species interactions, determine synchrony of dominant species in semiarid grasslands. Ecology 98(4), 971–981. Download

  • Lafuite A.-S. and Loreau M. (2017) — Time-delayed biodiversity feedbacks and the sustainability of social-ecological systems. Ecological Modelling 351, 96–108. Download

  • Haddad N.M., Holt R.D., Fletcher R. J., Loreau M. and Clobert J. (2017) — Connecting models, data, and concepts to understand fragmentation’s ecosystem-wide effects. Ecography 40, 1–8. Download

  • Carrié R., Andrieu E., Cunningham S.A., Lentini P.E., Loreau M. and Ouin A. (2017) — Relationships among ecological traits of wild bee communities along gradients of habitat amount and fragmentation. Ecography 40, 85–97. Download


2016


  • Turnbull L.A., Isbell F., Purves D.W., Loreau M. and Hector A. (2016) — Understanding the value of plant diversity for ecosystem functioning through niche theory. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Download

  • Haegeman B., Arnoldi J-F., Wang S., de Mazancourt C., Montoya J.M. and Loreau M. (2016) — Resilience, Invariability, and Ecological Stability across Levels of Organization. bioRxiv. Download
  • Yuan Z., Wang S., Gazol A., Mellard J., Lin F., Ye J., Hao Z., Wang X. and Loreau M. (2016) — Multiple metrics of diversity have different effects on temperate forest functioning over succession. Oecologia 182:1175–1185 . Download
  • Filser J., Faber J.H., Tiunov A.V., Brussaard L., Frouz J., De Deyn G., Uvarov A.V., Berg M.P., Lavelle P., Loreau M. , Wall D.H., Querner P., Eijsackers H. and Jiménez J.J. (2016) — Soil fauna: key to new carbon models. SOIL, 2, 565-582. Download
  • Gonzalez A., Cardinale B.J., Allington G.R.H., Byrnes J., Endsley A., Brown D.G., Hooper D.U., Isbell F., O’Connor M.I. and Loreau M. (2016) — Estimating local biodiversity change: a critique of papers claiming no net loss of local diversity. Ecology, 97(8), 2016, pp. 1949–1960. Download
  • Bertrand R. , Riofrıo-Dillon G., Lenoir J., Drapier J., de Ruffray P., Gegout J.C. and Loreau M. (2016) — Ecological constraints increase the climatic debt in forests. Nature Communications.7: 12643. Download - Article recommended by F1000
  • Arnoldi J.-F., Haegeman B., Revilla T. and Loreau M. (2016) — Particularity of "Universal resilience patterns in complex networks”, bioRxiv. Download
  • Auguères A.-S. and Loreau M. (2016) - Biotic regulation of non-limiting nutrient pools and coupling of biogeochemical cycles. Ecological Modelling - 334, 1–7. Download
  • Craven D., Isbell F., Manning P., Connolly J., Bruelheide H., Ebeling A., Roscher C., van Ruijven J., Weigelt A., Wilsey B., Beierkuhnlein C., de Luca E., Griffin J.N., Hautier Y., Hector A., Jentsch A., Kreyling J., Lanta V., Loreau M., Meyer S.T., Mori A.S., Naeem S., Palmborg C., Polley H.W., Reich P.B., Schmid B., Siebenkas A., Seabloom E., Thakur M. P., Tilman D., Vogel A. and Eisenhauer N. (2016) — Plant diversity effects on grassland productivity are robust to both nutrient enrichment and drought. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society. Download
  • Wang S. and Loreau M. (2016) - Biodiversity and ecosystem stability across scales in metacommunities. Ecology Letters 19: 510–518. Download
  • Zhang Y., Loreau M., Lu X., He N., Zhang G. and Han X.I. (2016) - Nitrogen enrichment weakens ecosystem stability through decreased species asynchrony and population stability in a temperate grassland. Global Change Biology - 22, 1445–1455. Download

2015


  • Portalier S.M.J., Cherif M., Zhang L., Fussmann G.F. and Loreau M. (2015) - Size-related effects of physical factors on phytoplankton communities. Ecological Modelling. Download
  • Verheyen K., Vanhellemont M., Auge H., Baeten L., Baraloto C., Barsoum N., Bilodeau-Gauthier S., Bruelheide H., Castagneyrol B., Godbold D., Haase J., Hector A., Jactel H., Koricheva J., Loreau M., Mereu S., Messier S., Muys B., Nolet P., Paquette A., Parker J., Perring M., Ponette Q., Potvin C., Reich P., Smith A., Weih M., Scherer-Lorenzen M. (2015) - Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations. Download
  • Arnoldi J.-F., Loreau M. and Haegeman B. (2015) - Resilience, reactivity and variability: A mathematical comparison of ecological stability measures. Journal of Theoretical Biology. Download
  • Isbell F., Craven D., Connolly J. and Loreau M. (2015) — Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. Nature. Download
  • Tekwa E., Nguyen D., Juncker D., Gonzalez A. and Loreau M. (2015) — Patchiness in a microhabitat chip affects evolutionary dynamics of bacterial cooperation. The Royal Society of Chemistry - Lab Chip.Download
  • Marleau J., Guichard F. and Loreau M. (2015) — Emergence of nutrient co-limitation through movement in stoichiometric meta-ecosystems. Ecology Letters 18: 1163–1173. Download
  • Wang S., Haegeman B. and Loreau M (2015) — Dispersal and metapopulation stability. PeerJ. 3:e1295. Download
  • Mouquet N., Lagadeuc Y., Devictor V., Doyen L., Duputie A., Eveillard D., Faure D., Garnier E., Gimenez O., Huneman P., Jabot F., Jarne P., Joly D., Julliard R., Kefi S., Kergoat G.J., Lavorel S., Le Gall L., Meslin L., Morand S., Morin X., Morlon H., Pinay G., Pradel R., Schurr F.M., Thuiller W. and Loreau M. (2015) — Predictive ecology in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 1293–1310. Download
  • Hatton I.A., McCann K.S., Fryxell J.M., Davies T.J., Smerlak M., Sinclair A.R.E., and Loreau M. (2015) — The predator-prey power law: Biomass scaling across terrestrial and aquatic biomes. Science, 349 (6252), aac6284. Download
  • Shanafelt D.W., Dieckmann U., Jonas M., Franklin O., Loreau M. and Perrings C. (2015) — Biodiversity, productivity, and the spatial insurance hypothesis revisited. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 380:426-435. Download
  • Tekwa E.W., Gonzalez A. and Loreau M. (2015) — Local densities connect spatial ecology to game, multilevel selection and inclusive fitness theories of cooperation. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 380: 414-425. Download
  • Leroux S. J. and Loreau M. (2015) — Theoretical perspectives on bottom-up and top-down interactions across ecosystems. In Trophic Ecology: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Interactions across Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems. T. C. Hanley & K. J. La Pierre Eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 3-27. Download
  • Auguères A.-S. and Loreau M. (2015) — Can organisms regulate global biogeochemical cycles? Ecosystems. 18: 813–825. Download
  • Mellard J.P., de Manzancourt C. and Loreau M. (2015) — Evolutionary responses to environmental change: trophic interactions affect adaptation and persistance.Proceedings of the Royal Society B- 282: 20141351. Download
  • Isbell F., Tilman D., Polasky S. and Loreau M. (2015) — The biodiversity-dependent ecosystem service debt. Ecology Letters. 18: 119-134. Download
  • Prosnier L., Loreau M. and Hulot F.D. (2015) — Modeling the direct and indirect effects of copper on phytoplankton -zooplankton interactions. Aquatic Toxicology. 162: 73-81. Download
  • Auguères A.-S. and Loreau M. (2015) — Regulation of redfield ratios in deep ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 29: 254-266. Download
  • Revilla T. A., Encinas-Viso F. and Loreau M. (2015) — Robustness of mutualistic networks under phenological change and habitat destriction. Oikos. 124: 22–32. Download
  • Haegeman B. and Loreau M., (2015). — A graphical-mechanistic approach to spatial resource competition. The American Naturalist. 185: 1. Download


2014

 

  • Hulot F.D., Lacroix G. and Loreau M. (2014) — Differential responses of size-based functional groups to bottom–up and top–down perturbations in pelagic food webs: a meta-analysis. Oikos. 123: 1291–1300. Download
  • Loreau M. (2014) — Reconciling utilitarian and non-utilitarian approaches to biodiversity conservation. Ethics in science and environmental politics. 14:27–32. Download
  • Sapijanskas J., Paquette A., Potvin C., Kunert N. and Loreau M. (2014). — Tropical tree diversity enhances light capture through crown plasticity and spatial and temporal niche differences. Ecology, 95(9): 2479-2492. Download
  • Wang S. and Loreau M. (2014). — Ecosystem stability in space: α, β and γ variability. Ecology Letters. 17: 891–901. Download
  • Vallina S.M., M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, J.M. Montoya, P. Cermeno and M. Loreau (2014) — Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean. Nature Communications. 5:4299. Download
  • Mora C., Danovaro R. and Loreau M. (2014) — Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments. Scientific Reports, 4, 5427. Download
  • Matias M. G., Gravel D., Guilhaumon F., Desjardins‐Proulx P., Loreau M., Münkemüller, T. and Mouquet N. (2014) — Estimates of species extinctions from species–area relationships strongly depend on ecological context. Ecography, 37(5), 431-442. Download
  • Revilla T. A., Encinas-Viso F. and Loreau M. (2014) — (A bit) Earlier or later is always better: phenological shifts in consumer–resource interactions. Theoretical Ecology 7, 149-162, 19:45. Download
  • Legagneux P., Gauthier G., Lecomte N., Schmidt N. M., Reid D., Cadieux M.-C., Berteaux D., Bêty J., Krebs C. J., Ims R. A., Yoccoz N. G., Morrison R. I. G., Leroux S. J., Loreau M. and Gravel D. (2014) — Arctic ecosystem structure and functioning shaped by climate and herbivore body size. Nature Climate change, 4: 379–383. Download
  • Isbell F. and Loreau M. (2014) — Sustainability of human ecological niche construction. Ecology and Society, 19:45.Download
  • Isbell F. and Loreau M. (2014) — Human impacts on minimum subsets of species critical for maintaining ecosystem structure. Basic and Applied Ecology, 14: 623–629. Download
  • Gross K., Cardinale B.J., Fox J.W., Gonzalez A., Loreau M., Polley H.W., Reich, P.B. and van Ruijven J. (2014) — Species richness and the temporal stability of biomass production: a new analysis of recent biodiversity experiments. The American Naturalist, 183: 1–12. Download
  • Haegeman B. and Loreau M. (2014) — General relationships between consumer dispersal, resource dispersal and metacommunity diversity. Ecology Letters, 17: 175–184. Download
  • Marleau J., Guichard F. and Loreau M. (2014) —Meta-ecosystem dynamics and functioning on finite spatial networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281: 20132094. Download

 


2013


 

  • Cherif M. and Loreau M. (2013) —Plant–herbivore–decomposer stoichiometric mismatches and nutrient cycling in ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280: 20122453. Download
  • Loreau M., Daufresne T., Gonzalez A., Gravel D., Guichard F., Leroux S.J., Loeuille N., Massol F. and Mouquet, N. (2013) — Unifying sources and sinks in ecology and Earth sciences. Biological Reviews, 88: 365–379. Download
  • de Mazancourt C., Isbell F., Larocque A., Berendse F., De Luca E., Grace J.B., Haegeman B., Polley H.W., Roscher C., Schmid B., Tilman D., van Ruijven J., Weigelt A., Wilsey B.J. and Loreau M. (2013) — Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity. Ecology Letters, 16: 617–625. Download
  • Sapijanskas J., Potvin C. and Loreau M. (2013) — Beyond shading: litter production by neighbours contributes to overyielding in tropical trees. Ecology, 94: 941–952 Download
  • Loreau M. and de Mazancourt C. (2013) — Biodiversity and ecosystem stability: a synthesis of underlying mechanisms. Ecology Letters, 16, Supplement 1: 106–115. Download
  • Turnbull L.A., Levine J.M., Loreau M. and Hector A. (2013) — Coexistence, niches, and the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning. Ecology Letters, 16, Supplement 1: 116–127. Download

 


2012


 

  • Pillai P., Gonzalez A. and Loreau M. (2012) — Evolution of dispersal in a predator-­­prey metacommunity. The American Naturalist, 179: 204–216. Download
  • Leroux S. J. and Loreau, M. (2012) — Dynamics of reciprocal pulsed subsidies in local and meta-ecosystems. Ecosystems, 15: 48–59. Download
  • Long Z.T., Leroux S.J., Faninger T. and Loreau M. (2012) — Interactive effects of nutrient enrichment and the manipulation of intermediate hosts by parasites on infection prevalence and food web structure. Ecological Modelling, 228: 1–7. Download
  • Cardinale B.J., Duffy J.E., Gonzalez A., Hooper D.U., Perrings C., Venail P., Narwani A., Mace G.M., Tilman D., Wardle D.A., Kinzig A.P., Daily, G.C., Loreau M., Grace J.B., Larigauderie A., Srivastava D.S. and Naeem S. (2012) — Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature (London), 486: 59–67. Download
  • Loreau M., Sapijanskas J., Isbell F. and Hector A. (2012) — Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function: comment. Ecology, 93: 1482–1487. Download
  • Lekevicius E. and Loreau M. (2012) — Adaptability and functional stability in forest ecosystems: a hierarchical conceptual framework. Ekologija, 58: 391–404. Download
  • Goudard A. and Loreau M. (2012) — Integrating trait-mediated effects and non-trophic interactions in the study of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions: Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives, T. Ohgushi, O. J. Schmitz & R. D. Holt Eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 414–432. Download

 


2011


 

  • Haegeman B. and Loreau M. (2011) — A mathematical synthesis of niche and neutral theories in community ecology. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 269: 150-165. Download
  • Calcagno V., Sun C., Schmitz O.J. and Loreau M. (2011) — Keystone predation and plant species coexistence: the role of carnivore hunting mode. The American Naturalist, 177: E1-E13. Download
  • Kylafis G. and Loreau M. (2011) — Niche construction in the light of niche theory. Ecology Letters, 14: 82-90. Download
  • Mora C., Aburto-Oropeza O., Ayala Bocos A., Ayotte P.M., Banks S., Bauman A.G., Beger M., Bessudo S., Booth D.J., Brokovich E., Brooks A., Chabanet P., Cinner J.E., Cortés J., Cruz-Motta J.J., Cupul Magaña A., DeMartini E.E., Edgar G.J., Feary D.A., Ferse S.C.A., Friedlander A.M., Gaston K.J., Gough C., Graham N.A.J., Green A., Guzman H., Hardt M., Kulbicki M., Letourneur Y., López Pérez A., Loreau M., Loya Y., Martinez C., Mascareñas-Osorio I., Morove T., Nadon M.-O., Nakamura Y., Paredes G., Polunin N.V.C., Pratchett M.S., Reyes Bonilla H., Rivera F., Sala E., Sandin S.A., Soler G., Stuart-Smith R., Tessier E., Tittensor D.P., Tupper M., Usseglio P., Vigliola L., Wantiez L., Williams I., Wilson S.K. and Zapata F.A. (2011) — Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes. PLoS Biology, 9: e1000606. Download
  • Fritz H., Loreau M., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Valeix M. and Clobert J. (2011) — A food web perspective on large herbivore community limitation. Ecography, 34: 196-202. Download
  • Isbell F., Calcagno V., Hector A., Connolly J., Harpole W.S., Reich P.B., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Schmid B., Tilman D., van Ruijven J., Weigelt A., Wilsey B.J., Zavaleta E.S. and Loreau M. (2011) — High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services. Nature (London), 477: 199-202. Download
  • Brännström A., Loeuille N., Loreau M. and Dieckmann U. (2011) — Emergence and maintenance of biodiversity in an evolutionary food-web model. Theoretical Ecology, 4: 467–478. Download
  • Pillai P., Gonzalez A. and Loreau M. (2011) — Metacommunity theory explains the emergence of food web complexity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108: 19293–19298. Download

 


2010


 

  • Loreau M. (2010) — Linking biodiversity and ecosystems: towards a unifying ecological theory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365: 49-60. Download
  • Cherif M. and Loreau M. (2010) — Towards a more biologically realistic use of Droop’s equations to model growth under multiple nutrient limitation. Oikos, 119: 897-907. Download
  • Leroux S.J. and Loreau M. (2010) — Consumer-mediated recycling and cascading trophic interactions. Ecology, 91: 2162-2171. Download
  • Gravel D., Guichard F., Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (2010) — Source and sink dynamics in meta-ecosystems. Ecology, 91: 2172-2184. Download
  • Gravel D., Mouquet N., Loreau M. and Guichard F. (2010) — Patch dynamics, persistence, and species coexistence in metaecosystems. The American Naturalist, 176: 289-302. Download
  • Hector A., Hautier Y., Saner P., Wacker L., Bagchi R., Joshi J., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Spehn E.M., Bazeley-White E., Weilenmann M., Caldeira M.C., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Finn J.A., Huss-Danell K., Jumpponen A., Mulder C.P.H., Palmborg C., Pereira J.S., Siamantziouras A.-S.D., Terry A.C., Troumbis A.Y., Schmid B.and Loreau M. (2010) — General stabilizing effects of plant diversity on grassland productivity through population asynchrony and overyielding. Ecology, 91: 2213-2220. Download
  • Marleau J.N., Guichard F., Mallard F. and Loreau M. (2010) — Nutrient flows between ecosystems can destabilize simple food chains. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266: 162-174. Download
  • Hauzy C., Gauduchon M., Hulot F.D. and Loreau M. (2010) — Density-dependent dispersal and relative dispersal affect the stability of predator–prey metacommunities. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266: 458-469. Download
  • Pillai P., Loreau M. and Gonzalez A. (2010) — A patch-dynamic framework for food web metacommunities. Theoretical Ecology, 3: 223-237. Download
  • Sapijanskas J. and Loreau M. (2010) — Cascading extinctions, functional complementarity, and selection in two-trophic-level model communities: a trait-based mechanistic approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 267: 375-387. Download
  • Loeuille N. and Loreau M. (2010) — Emergence of complex food web structure in community evolution models. In Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications, H. A. Verhoef & P. J. Morin Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 163-178. Download
  • Walther B.A., Larigauderie A. and Loreau M. (2010) — DIVERSITAS: biodiversity science integrating research for human well-being. In Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security: Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks, H. G. Brauch, U. O. Spring, C. Mesjasz, J. Grin, P. Kameri-Mbote, B. Chourou, P. Dunay & J.Birkmann Eds, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 1235-1248. Download

 


2009


 

  • Cherif M. and Loreau M. (2009) —When microbes and consumers determine the limiting nutrient of autotrophs: a theoretical analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276: 487-497. Download
  • Cardinale B.J., Srivastava D.S., Duffy J.E., Wright J.P., Downing A.L., Sankaran M., Jouseau C., Cadotte M.W., Carroll I.T., Weis J.J., Hector A. and Loreau M. (2009) — Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems: a summary of 164 experimental manipulations of species richness (Data paper). Ecology, 90: 854. Download
  • Olff H., Alonso D., Berg M.P., Eriksson B.K., Loreau M., Piersma T. and Rooney N. (2009) — Parallel ecological networks in ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364: 1755-1779. Download
  • Leroux S.J. and Loreau M. (2009) — Disentangling multiple predator effects in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research (In Focus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 78: 695-698. Download
  • Sun C. and Loreau M. (2009) — Dynamics of a three-species food chain with adaptive traits. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41: 2812-2819. Download
  • Loreau M. (2009) — Enjeux de la science et de la gouvernance de la biodiversité. Les Ateliers de l’Ethique, 4: 36-45. Download
  • Haegeman B. and Loreau M. (2009) — Trivial and non-trivial applications of entropy maximization in ecology: a reply to Shipley. Oikos, 118: 1270-1278. Download
  • Gonzalez A. and Loreau M. (2009) — The causes and consequences of compensatory dynamics in ecological communities. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40: 393-414. Download
  • Naeem S., Bunker D.E., Hector A., Loreau M. and Perrings C. (2009) — Introduction: The ecological and social implications of changing biodiversity. An overview of a decade of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective. S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 3-13. Download
  • Griffin J.N., O’Gorman E.J., Emmerson M.C., Jenkins S.R., Klein A.-M., Loreau M. and Symstad A. (2009) — Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 78-93. Download
  • Hector A., Bell T., Connolly J., Finn J., Fox J., Kirwan L., Loreau M., McLaren J., Schmid B. and Weigelt A. (2009) — The analysis of biodiversity experiments: from pattern toward mechanism. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 94-104. Download
  • Cardinale B., Duffy E., Srivastava D., Loreau M., Thomas M. and Emmerson M. (2009) — Toward a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 105-120. Download
  • Gonzalez A., Mouquet N. and Loreau M. (2009) — Biodiversity as spatial insurance: the effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioning. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 134-146. Download
  • Naeem S., Bunker D.E., Hector A., Loreau M. and Perrings C. (2009) — Can we predict the effects of global change on biodiversity loss and ecosystem functioning? In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning,and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 290-298. Download

 


2008


 

  • Goudard A. and Loreau M. (2008) — Non-trophic interactions, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: an interaction web model. The American Naturalist, 171: 91–106. Download
  • Loreau M. (2008) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the mystery of the deep sea (Dispatch). Current Biology, 18: R126–R128. Download
  • Schmid B., Hector A., Saha P. and Loreau M. (2008) — Biodiversity effects and transgressive overyielding. Journal of Plant Ecology, 1: 95-102. Download
  • Kéfi, S., van Baalen, M., Rietkerk, M. & Loreau, M., 2008. — Evolution of local facilitation in arid ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 172: E1-E17. Download
  • Loreau M. and de Mazancourt C. (2008) — Species synchrony and its drivers: neutral and nonneutral community dynamics in fluctuating environments. The American Naturalist, 172: E48-E66. Download
  • Vojtech E., Loreau M., Yachi S., Spehn E.M. and Hector A. (2008) — Light partitioning in experimental grass communities. Oikos, 117: 1351-1361. Download
  • Kylafis G. and Loreau M. (2008) — Ecological and evolutionary consequences of niche construction for its agent. Ecology Letters, 11: 1072-1081. Download
  • Leroux S.J. and Loreau M. (2008) — Subsidy hypothesis and strength of trophic cascades across ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 11: 1147-1156. Download
  • Haegeman B. and Loreau M. (2008) — Limitations of entropy maximization in ecology. Oikos, 117: 1700-1710. Download
  • Daufresne T., Lacroix G., Benhaim D. and Loreau M. (2008) — Coexistence of algae and bacteria: a test of the carbon hypothesis. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 53: 323-332. Download

 


2007


 

  • Yachi S. and Loreau M. (2007) — Does complementary resource use enhance ecosystem functioning? A model of light competition in plant communities. Ecology Letters, 10: 54–62. Download
  • Thébault E., Huber V. and Loreau M. (2007) — Cascading extinctions and ecosystem functioning: contrasting effects of diversity depending on food web structure. Oikos, 116: 163–173.Download
  • Fargione J., Tilman D., Dybzinski R., Hille Ris Lambers J., Clark C., Harpole W.S., Knops J.M.H., Reich P.B. and Loreau M. (2007) — From selection to complementarity: shifts in the causes of biodiversity–productivity relationships in a long-term biodiversity experiment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274: 871–876. Download
  • Hauzy C., Hulot F.D., Gins A. and Loreau M. (2007) — Intra- and interspecific density-dependent dispersal in an aquatic prey–predator system. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76: 552–558. Download
  • Cherif M. and Loreau M. (2007) — Stoichiometric constraints on resource use, competitive interactions, and elemental cycling in microbial decomposers. The American Naturalist, 169: 709–724. Download
  • Kéfi S., Rietkerk M., van Baalen M. and Loreau M. (2007) — Local facilitation, bistability and transitions in arid ecosystems. Theoretical Population Biology, 71: 367–379. Download
  • Duffy J.E., Cardinale B.J., France K.E., McIntyre P.B., Thébault E. and Loreau M. (2007) — The functional role of biodiversity in ecosystems: incorporating trophic complexity. Ecology Letters, 10: 522–538. Download
  • Fussmann G. F., Loreau M. and Abrams P.A. (2007) — Eco-evolutionary dynamics of communities and ecosystems. Functional Ecology, 21: 465–477. Download
  • Hector A., Joshi J., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Schmid B., Spehn E.M., Wacker L., Weilenmann M., Bazeley-White E., Beierkuhnlein C., Caldeira M.C., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Finn J.A., Huss-Danell K., Jumpponen A., Leadley P.W., Loreau M., Mulder C.P.H., Nebhöver C., Palmborg C., Read D.J., Siamantziouras A.-S.D., Terry A.C. and Troumbis A.Y. (2007) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: reconciling the results of experimental and observational studies. Functional Ecology, 21: 998–1002. Download
  • Cardinale B.J., Wright J.P., Cadotte M.W., Carroll I.T., Hector A., Srivastava D. S., Loreau M. and Weis J.J. (2007) — Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104: 18123–18128. Download
  • Hector A. and Loreau M. (2007) — Large-scale biodiversity experiments. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Section Theories and Concepts of Biodiversity, S. A. Levin Ed., Elsevier, New York, U.S.A., pp. 1-9. Download

 


2006


 

  • Fontaine C., Dajoz I., Mériguet J. and Loreau M. (2006) — Functional diversity of plant-pollinator interaction webs enhances the persistence of plant communities. PLoS Biology, 4: e1. Download
  • Hulot F. D. and Loreau M. (2006) — Nutrient-limited food webs with up to three trophic levels: feasibility, stability, assembly rules, and effects of nutrient enrichment. Theoretical Population Biology, 69: 48-66. Download
  • Loeuille N. and Loreau M. (2006) — Evolution of body size in food webs: does the energetic equivalence rule hold? Ecology Letters, 9: 171-178. Download
  • Thébault E. and Loreau M. (2006) — The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in food webs. Ecological Research, 21: 17-25. Download
  • Mouquet N., Leadley P., Mériguet J. and Loreau M. (2006) — Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities: a three-year seed-sowing experiment (Erratum). Oikos, 113: 192. Download
  • Holyoak M., Loreau M. and Strong D. (2006) — Neutral community ecology. Ecology, 87: 1368-1369. Download
  • Holyoak M. and Loreau M. (2006) —Reconciling empirical ecology with neutral community models. Ecology, 87: 1370-1377. Download
  • Loreau M., Oteng-Yeboah A., Arroyo M.T.K., Babin D., Barbault R., Donoghue M., Gadgil M., Häuser C., Heip C., Larigauderie A., Ma K., Mace G., Mooney H. A., Perrings C., Raven P., Sarukhan J., Schei P., Scholes R.J. and Watson R.T. (2006) — Diversity without representation. Nature (London), 442: 245–246. Download

 


2005


 

  • Hooper D.U., Chapin F. S. III, Ewel J J., Hector A., Inchausti P., Lavorel S., Lawton J.H., Lodge D.M., Loreau M., Naeem S., Schmid B., Setälä H., Symstad A.J., Vandermeer J. and Wardle D.A. (2005) — Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs, 75: 3-35. Download
  • Spehn E. M., Hector A., Joshi J., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Schmid B., Bazeley-White E., Beierkuhnlein C., Caldeira M.C., Diemer M., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Finn J.A., Freitas H., Giller P.S., Good J., Harris R., Högberg P., Huss-Danell K., Jumpponen A., Koricheva J., Leadley P.W., Loreau M., Minns A., Mulder C.P.H., O' Donovan G., Otway S.J., Palmborg C., Pereira J.S., Pfisterer A.B., Prinz A., Read D.J., Schulze E.-D., Siamantziouras A.-S.D., Terry A.C., Troumbis A.Y., Woodward F.I., Yachi S. and Lawton J.H. (2005) — Ecosystem effects of biodiversity manipulations in European grasslands. Ecological Monographs, 75: 37-63. Download
  • Loeuille N. and Loreau M. (2005) — Evolutionary emergence of size-structured food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102: 5761-5766. Download
  • de Mazancourt C., Loreau M. and Dieckmann U. (2005) — Understanding mutualism when there is adaptation to the partner. Journal of Ecology, 93: 305-314. Download
  • Caldeira M.C., Hector A., Loreau M. and Pereira,J.S. (2005) — Species richness, temporal variability and resistance of biomass production in a Mediterranean grassland. Oikos, 110: 115-123. Download
  • Thébault E. and Loreau M. (2005) — Trophic interactions and the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem stability. The American Naturalist, 166: E95-E114. Download
  • Dirzo R. and Loreau M. (2005) — Biodiversity science evolves (Editorial). Science (Washington, D. C.), 310: 943. Download
  • Loreau M., Roy J. and Tilman D. (2005) — Linking ecosystem and parasite ecology. In Parasitism and Ecosystems, F. Thomas, J.-F. Guégan & F. Renaud Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 13–21. Download
  • Hector A. and Loreau M. (2005) — Relationships between biodiversity and production in grasslands at local and regional scales. In Grassland: A Global Resource, D. A. McGilloway Ed., Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 295-304. Download
  • Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Holt R.D. (2005) — From metacommunities to meta-ecosystems. In Metacommunities: Spatial Dynamics and Ecological Communities, M. Holyoak, M. A. Leibold and R. D. Holt Eds, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, U.S.A., pp. 418-438. Download
  • Loreau M. and Thébault E. (2005) — Food webs and the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In Dynamic Food Webs: Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development, and Environmental Change, P. C. de Ruiter, V. Wolters and J. C. Moore Eds, Academic Press, Burlington, U.S.A., pp. 270-282. Download

 


2004


 

  • Mouquet N., Leadley P., Mériguet J. and Loreau M. (2004) — Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities: a three-year seed-sowing experiment. Oikos, 104: 77–90. Download
  • Loreau M. (2004) — Does functional redundancy exist? Oikos, 104: 606–611. Download
  • Loreau M. and Holt R.D. (2004) — Spatial flows and the regulation of ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 163: 606–615. Download
  • Loeuille N. and Loreau M. (2004) — Nutrient enrichment and food chains: can evolution buffer top-down control? Theoretical Population Biology, 65: 285–298. Download
  • Leibold M.A., Holyoak M., Mouquet N., Amarasekare P., Chase J.M., Hoopes M.F., Holt R.D., Shurin J.B., Law R., Tilman D., Loreau M. and Gonzalez A. (2004) — The metacommunity concept: a framework for multi-scale community ecology. Ecology Letters, 7: 601–613. Download
  • Heemsbergen D.A., Berg M.P., Loreau M., van Hal J.R., Faber J.H. and Verhoef H.A. (2004) — Biodiversity effects on soil processes explained by interspecific functional dissimilarity. Science (Washington, D. C.), 306: 1019–1020. Download
  • Loreau M., de Mazancourt C. and Holt, R.D. (2004) — Ecosystem evolution and conservation. In Evolutionary Conservation Biology, R. Ferrière, U. Dieckmann and D. Couvet Eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 327–343. Download

 


2003


 

  • Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Holt R.D. (2003) — Meta-ecosystems: a theoretical framework for a spatial ecosystem ecology. Ecology Letters, 6: 673–679. Download
  • Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Gonzalez A. (2003) — Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100: 12765–12770. Download
  • Mouquet N. and Loreau M. (2003) — Community patterns in source–sink metacommunities. The American Naturalist, 162: 544–557. Download
  • Thébault E. and Loreau M. (2003) — Food-web constraints on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100: 14949–14954. Download

 


2002


 

  • Mouquet N., Moore J. L. and Loreau M. (2002) — Plant species richness and community productivity: why the mechanism that promotes coexistence matters. Ecology Letters, 5: 56–65. Download
  • Mouquet N. and Loreau M. (2002) — Coexistence in metacommunities: the regional similarity hypothesis. The American Naturalist, 159: 420–426. Download
  • Kokkoris G.D., Jansen V.A.A., Loreau M. and Troumbis A.Y. (2002) — Variability in interaction strength and implications for biodiversity. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71: 362–371. Download
  • Hector A., Bazeley-White E., Loreau M., Otway S. and Schmid B. (2002) — Overyielding in grassland communities: testing the sampling effect hypothesis with replicated biodiversity experiments. Ecology Letters, 5: 502–511. Download
  • Fournier E. and Loreau M. (2002) — Foraging activity of the carabid beetle Pterostichusmelanarius Ill. in field margin habitats. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 89: 253–259. Download
  • Loeuille N., Loreau M. and Ferrière R. (2002) — Consequences of plant–herbivore coevolution on the dynamics and functioning of ecosystems. Journal of theoretical Biology, 217: 369–381. Download
  • Goreaud F., Loreau M. and Millier F. (2002) — Spatial structure and the survival of an inferior competitor: a theoretical model of neighbourhood competition in plants. Ecological Modelling, 158: 1–19. Download
  • Loreau M. (2002) — Evolutionary processes in ecosystems. In Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2, The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, H. A. Mooney and J. Canadell Eds, John Wiley & Sons, London, United Kingdom, pp. 292–297. Download
  • Naeem S., Loreau M. and Inchausti P. (2002) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the emergence of a synthetic ecological framework. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 3–11. Download
  • Hector A., Loreau M. and Schmid B. and the BIODEPTH project (2002) — Biodiversity manipulation experiments: studies replicated at multiple sites. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem and P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 36–46. Download
  • Loreau M., Downing A., Emmerson M., Gonzalez A., Hughes J., Inchausti P., Joshi J., Norberg J. and Sala O. (2002) — A new look at the relationship between diversity and stability. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem and P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 79–91. Download
  • Petchey O.L., Morin P.J., Hulot F.D., Loreau M., McGrady-Steed J. and Naeem S. (2002) — Contributions of aquatic model systems to our understanding of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem and P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 127–138. Download
  • Loreau M., Naeem S. and Inchausti P. (2002) — Perspectives and challenges. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem and P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 237–242. Download
  • Loreau M. (2002) — Biodiversity loss and the maintenance of our life-support system. In Challenges of a Changing Earth, W. Steffen, J. Jäger, D. J. Carson & C. Bradshaw Eds, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Allemagne, pp. 169–173. Download
  • Moore B. III, Underdal A., Lemke P. and Loreau M. (2002) — The Amsterdam declaration on global change. In Challenges of a Changing Earth, W. Steffen, J. Jäger, D. J. Carson & C. Bradshaw Eds, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Allemagne, pp. 207–208. Download

 


2001


 

  • Loreau M. (2001) — Microbial diversity, producer–decomposer interactions and ecosystem processes: a theoretical model. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 268: 303–309. Download
  • Fournier E. and Loreau M. (2001) — Respective roles of recent hedges and forest patch remnants in the maintenance of ground-beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) diversity in an agricultural landscape. Landscape Ecology, 16: 17–32. Download
  • Daufresne T. and Loreau M. (2001) — Plant–herbivore interactions and ecological stoichiometry: when do herbivores determine plant nutrient limitation? Ecology Letters, 4: 196–206. Download
  • Fournier E. and Loreau M. (2001) — Activity and satiation state in Pterostichus melanarius: an experiment in different agricultural habitats. Ecological Entomology, 26: 235–244. Download
  • Loreau M. and Hector A. (2001) — Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments. Nature (London), 412: 72–76. Download
  • de Mazancourt C., Loreau M. and Dieckmann U. (2001) — Can the evolution of plant defense lead to plant–herbivore mutualism? The American Naturalist, 158: 109–123. Download
  • Minns A., Finn J., Hector A., Caldeira M., Joshi J., Palmborg C., Schmid B., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Spehn E., Troumbis A., Beierkuhnlein C., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Huss-Danell K., Jumpponen A., Loreau M., Mulder C.P.H., O’Donovan G., Pereira J.S., Schulze E-D., Terry A.C. and Woodward F.I. (2001) — The functioning of European grassland ecosystems: potential benefits of biodiversity to agriculture. Outlook on Agriculture, 30: 179–185. Download
  • Moore J.L., Mouquet N., Lawton J.H. and Loreau M. (2001) — Coexistence, saturation and invasion resistance in simulated plant assemblages. Oikos, 94: 303–314. Download
  • Korotkov V.N., Logofet D.O. and Loreau M. (2001) — Succession in mixed boreal forest of Russia: Markov models and non-Markov effects. Ecological Modelling, 142: 25–38. Download
  • Leriche H., Le Roux X., Gignoux J., Tuzet A., Fritz H., Abbadie L. and Loreau M. (2001) — Which functional processes control the short-term effect of grazing on net primary production in grasslands? Oecologia (Berlin), 129: 114–124. Download
  • Hulot F.D., Morin P.J. and Loreau M. (2001) — Interactions between algae and the microbial loop in experimental microcosms. Oikos, 95: 231–238. Download
  • Loreau M., Naeem S., Inchausti P., Bengtsson J., Grime J.P., Hector A., Hooper D.U., Huston M.A., Raffaelli D., Schmid B., Tilman D. and Wardle D.A. (2001) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges. Science (Washington, D. C.), 294: 804–808. Download
  • Daufresne T. and Loreau M. (2001) — Ecological stoichiometry, primary producer–decomposer interactions, and ecosystem persistence. Ecology, 82: 3069–3082. Download
  • Loreau M. (2001) — Linking community, evolutionary and ecosystem ecology: another perspective on plant–herbivore interactions. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 131, Supplement 2: 3–9. Download
  • Holt R.D. and Loreau M. (2001) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the role of trophic interactions and the importance of system openness. In The Functional Consequences of Biodiversity: Empirical Progress and Theoretical Extensions, A. P. Kinzig, S. W. Pacala & D. Tilman Eds, Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., pp. 246–262. Download

 


2000


 

  • Loreau M. (2000) — Are communities saturated? On the relationship between a, b and g diversity. Ecology Letters, 3: 73–76. Download
  • de Mazancourt C. and Loreau M. (2000) — Grazing optimization, nutrient cycling and spatial heterogeneity of plant–herbivore interactions: should a palatable plant evolve? Evolution, 54: 81–92. Download
  • Hulot F.D., Lacroix G., Lescher-Moutoué F. and Loreau M. (2000) — Functional diversity governs ecosystem response to nutrient enrichment. Nature (London), 405: 340–344. Download
  • de Mazancourt C. and Loreau M. (2000) — Effect of herbivory and plant species replacement on primary production. The American Naturalist, 155: 735–754. Download
  • Millien-Parra V. and Loreau M. (2000) — Community composition and size structure of murid rodents in relation to the biogeography of the Japanese archipelago. Ecography, 23: 413–423. Download
  • Hector A., Schmid B., Beierkuhnlein C., Caldeira M.C., Diemer M., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Finn J.A., Freitas H., Giller P.S., Good J., Harris R., Högberg P., Huss-Danell K., Joshi J., Jumpponen A., Körner C., Leadley P.W., Loreau M., Minns A., Mulder C.P.H., O’Donovan G., Otway S.J., Pereira J.S., Prinz A., Read D.J., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Schulze E.-D., Siamantziouras A.-S.D., Spehn E.M., Terry A.C., Troumbis A.Y., Woodward F.I., Yachi S. and Lawton J.H. (2000) — No consistent effect of plant diversity on productivity: Response. Science(Washington, D. C.), 289: 1255a . Download
  • Loreau M. (2000) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: recent theoretical advances. Oikos, 91: 3–17. Download
  • Fournier E. and Loreau M. (2000) — Movement of Pterostichus melanarius in agricultural field margins in relation to hunger state. In Natural History and Applied Ecology of Carabid Beetles, P. Brandmayr, A. Casale, G. Lövei & A. Vigna Taglianti Eds, Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgarie, pp. 207–219. Download

 


1999


 

  • Loreau M. and Olivieri I. (1999) — Diversitas: an international programme of biodiversity science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14: 2–3. Download
  • Yachi S. and Loreau M. (1999) — Biodiversity and ecosystem productivity in a fluctuating environment: the insurance hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96: 1463–1468. Download
  • Fournier E. and Loreau M. (1999) — Effects of newly planted hedges on ground-beetle diversity (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in an agricultural landscape. Ecography, 22: 87–97. Download
  • Parra V., Loreau M. and Jaeger J.-J. (1999) — Incisor size and community structure in rodents: two tests of the role of competition. Acta Oecologica, 20: 93–101. Download
  • Loreau M. and Behera N. (1999) — Phenotypic diversity and stability of ecosystem processes. Theoretical Population Biology, 56: 29–47. Download
  • de Mazancourt C., Loreau M. and Abbadie L. (1999) — Grazing optimization and nutrient cycling: potential impact of large herbivores in a savanna system. Ecological Applications, 9: 784–797. Download
  • Loreau M. and de Mazancourt C. (1999) — Should plants in resource-poor environments invest more in antiherbivore defence? Oikos, 87: 195–200. Download
  • Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (1999) — Immigration and the maintenance of local species diversity. The American Naturalist, 154: 427–440. Download
  • Hector A., Schmid B., Beierkuhnlein C., Caldeira M.C., Diemer M., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Finn J.A., Freitas H., Giller P S., Good J., Harris R., Högberg P., Huss-Danell K., Joshi J., Jumpponen A., Körner C., Leadley P.W., Loreau M., Minns A., Mulder C.P.H., O’Donovan G., Otway S.J., Pereira J.S., Prinz A., Read D.J., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Schulze E.-D., Siamantziouras A.-S.D., Spehn E.M., Terry A.C., Troumbis A.Y., Woodward F.I., Yachi S. and Lawton, J.H. (1999) — Plant diversity and productivity experiments in European grasslands. Science (Washington, D. C.), 286: 1123–1127. Download
  • Chaabane K., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1999) — Respiration of Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae): a complex parameter of the energy budget. Pedobiologia, 43: 305–318. Download

 


1998


 

  • Loreau M. (1998) — Ecosystem development explained by competition within and between material cycles. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 265: 33–38. Download
  • Naeem S., Kawabata Z. and Loreau M. (1998) — Transcending boundaries in biodiversity research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13: 134–135. Download
  • Loreau M. (1998) — Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: a mechanistic model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95: 5632–5636. Download
  • Loreau M. (1998) — Separating sampling and other effects in biodiversity experiments. Oikos, 82: 600–602. Download
  • de Mazancourt C., Loreau M. and Abbadie L. (1998) — Grazing optimization and nutrient cycling: when do herbivores enhance plant production? Ecology, 79: 2242–2252. Download
  • Fournier E., Loreau M. and Havet P. (1998) — Effects of new agricultural management practices on the structure and diversity of ground-beetle communities (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Gibier Faune Sauvage, Game and Wildlife, 15 (Special issue, Part 1), 43–53. Download

 


1977­–1997


 

  • Loreau M. (1977) — Etude de la distribution des Carabidae dans la vallée du Viroin (Belgique). Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique, 107: 129–146. Download
  • Loreau M. (1983) — Le régime alimentaire de Abax ater Vill. (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Generalis, 4: 253–263. Download
  • Loreau M. (1983) — Le régime alimentaire de huit carabides (Coleoptera) communs en milieu forestier. Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Generalis, 4: 331–343. Download
  • Loreau M. (1984) — Etude expérimentale de l'alimentation de Abax ater Villers, Carabus problematics Herbst et Cychrus attenuates Fabricius (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique, 114: 227–240. Download
  • Loreau M. (1984) — Population density and biomass of Carabidae (Coleoptera) in a forest community. Pedobiologia, 27: 269–278. Download
  • Loreau M. (1984) — Composition et structure de trois peuplements forestiers de Carabides. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70: 125–160. Download
  • Loreau M. (1984) — Les niches écologiques des Carabides en milieu forestier. I. Composantes spatio-temporelles. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70: 333–379. Download
  • Loreau M. (1984) — Les niches écologiques des Carabides en milieu forestier. II. Composante trophique et organisation générale des niches. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70: 480–525. Download
  • Loreau M. (1985) — Annual activity and life cycles of carabid beetles in two forest communities. Holarctic Ecology, 8: 228–235. Download
  • Loreau M. (1987) — Vertical distribution of activity of carabid beetles in a beech forest floor. Pedobiologia, 30: 173–178. Download
  • Loreau M. and Baluku B. (1987) — Growth and demography of populations of Biomphalaria pfeifferi(Gastropoda, Planorbidae) in the laboratory. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 53: 171–177. Download
  • Baluku B., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1987) — Le régime alimentaire de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) au Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 101: 279–282. Download
  • Loreau M., Baluku B. and Josens G. (1987) — Dynamique des populations de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) au Zaïre oriental.Revue de Zoologie africaine, 101: 290–292. Download
  • Loreau M. and Baluku B. (1987) — Population dynamics of the freshwater snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi in Eastern Zaïre. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 53: 249–265. Download
  • Loreau M. (1987) — Community-wide seasonal trends in the niches of forest carabid beetles. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 22: 175–185. Download
  • Loreau M. (1988) — Determinants of the seasonal pattern in the niche structure of a forest carabid community. Pedobiologia, 31: 75–87. Download
  • Loreau M. (1989) — Coexistence of temporally segregated competitors in a cyclic environment. Theoretical Population Biology, 36: 181–201. Download
  • Baluku B., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1989) — Etude préliminaire de la densité et de la répartition des mollusques dans deux cours d'eau du Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 103: 291–302. Download
  • Baluku B. and Loreau M. (1989) — Etude comparative de la dynamique des populations de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) dans deux cours d'eau du Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 103: 311–325. Download
  • Loreau M. (1989) — On testing temporal niche differentiation in carabid beetles. Oecologia(Berlin), 81: 89–96. Download
  • Deffernez L., Champagne P., Verhaeghe J.-C., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1990) — Analysis of the spatio-temporal niche of foraging grassland ants in the field. Insectes Sociaux, 37: 1–13. Download
  • Loreau M. (1990) — Competition between age classes, and the stability of stage-structured populations: a re-examination of Ebenman's model. Journal of theoretical Biology, 144: 567–571. Download
  • Loreau M. (1990) — Competition in a carabid beetle community: a field experiment. Oikos, 58: 25–38. Download
  • Loreau M. (1990) — The Colwell-Futuyma method for measuring niche breadth and overlap: a critique. Oikos, 58: 251–253. Download
  • Loreau M. and Baluku B. (1991) — Shade as a means of ecological control of Biomphalaria pfeifferi. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 85: 443–446. Download
  • Loreau M. (1992) — Species abundance patterns and the structure of ground-beetle communities. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 28: 49–56. Download
  • Loreau M. (1992) — Time scale of resource dynamics and coexistence through time partitioning. Theoretical Population Biology, 41: 401–412. Download
  • Loreau M. and Nolf C.-L. (1993) — Occupation of space by the carabid beetle Abax ater. Acta Oecologica, 14: 247–258. Download
  • Chaabane K., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1993) — Quantitative assessment of consumption by Abax ater Villers (Coleoptera Carabidae). Pedobiologia 37: 291–302. Download
  • Loreau M. (1994) — Material cycling and the stability of ecosystems. The American Naturalist 143: 508–513. Download
  • Loreau M. (1994) — Mass and energy flow in closed ecosystems: do ecological or mathematical constraints prevail? Journal of theoretical Biology, 168: 237–243. Download
  • Loreau M. and Ebenhöh W. (1994) — Competitive exclusion and coexistence of species with complex life cycles. Theoretical Population Biology, 46: 58–77. Download
  • Loreau M. (1994) — Ground beetles in a changing environment: determinants of species diversity and community assembly. Biodiversity, Temperate Ecosystems and Global Change, T. J. B. Boyle & C. E. B. Boyle Eds, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp. 77–98. Download
  • Loreau M. (1995) — Consumers as maximizers of matter and energy flow in ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 145: 22–42. Download
  • Walrant A. and Loreau M. (1995) — Comparison of iso-enzyme electrophoresis and gut content examination for determining the natural diet of the groundbeetle species Abax ater (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Entomologia Generalis, 19: 253–259. Download
  • De Angelis D.L., Loreau M., Neergaard D., Mulholland P.J. and Marzolf E.R. (1995) — Modelling nutrient-periphyton dynamics in streams: the importance of transient storage zones. Ecological Modelling, 80: 149 160. Download
  • Martin P., Loreau M. and Josens G. (1995) — Production in the ant Leptothorax unifasciatus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Oecologica, 16: 295–311. Download
  • Soki K., Josens G. and Loreau M. (1996) — Growth and demography of Cubitermes speciosus mounds (Isoptera, Termitidae). Insectes sociaux, 43: 189–200. Download
  • Loreau M. (1996) — Coexistence of multiple food chains in a heterogeneous environment: interactions among community structure, ecosystem functioning, and nutrient dynamics. Mathematical Biosciences, 134: 153–188. Download
  • Chaabane K., Loreau M. and Josens G. (1996) — Individual and population energy budgets of Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 33: 97–108. Download
  • Loreau M. and De Angelis D.L. (1997) — Source–sink dynamics, and the coexistence of species on a single resource. Theoretical Population Biology, 51: 79–93. Download
  • Guillemain M., Loreau M. and Daufresne T. (1997) — Relationships between the regional distribution of carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and the abundance of their potential prey. Acta Oecologica, 18: 465–483. Download
  • Chaabane K., Loreau M. and Josens G. (1997) — Growth and egg production in Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Pedobiologia, 41: 385–396. Download