Jose M. Montoya

Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling
Station d’Ecologie Théorique et Expérimentale du CNRS
09200 Moulis, France

Phone: +33 (0) 5 61 04 03 60

Research interest

The ultimate aim of my research is to understand how biodiversity is generated, organized, and maintained within complex ecosystems, and to explore how different aspects of global change may affect biodiversity and species interactions.

In order to answer these questions, I combine mathematical modelling, statistical analysis of ecological networks corresponding to different systems, and manipulative experiments on mesocosms. I combine different spatial and temporal scales of studies: from global patterns to local community dynamics, and from fossil record data to short-term predictions and observations.

Summary CV

I am currently Senior Scientist of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and leader of the Ecological Networks and Global Change Group at the Theoretical and Experimental Ecology Station in Moulis, France. I am also an associated researcher at the Centre for Advanced Ecological Research (CREAF) in Barcelona, and visiting scientist at Imperial College London at Silwood Park. I have been a Senior Scientist at CREAF (Barcelona), a Ramon y Cajal scientist at the Spanish Research Council, within the Institue of Marine Sciences, in Barcelone, and before that I hold a NERC Postdoctoral Fellowship at Queen Mary University, London. I receive my PhD from the University of Alcala, Madrid, while I was part of the Complex Systems Lab in Barcelona.


  • Wallach A. D., Dekker A. H., Lurgi M., Montoya J.M., Fordham D. A. and Ritchie E. G. (2016) — Trophic cascades in 3D: network analysis reveals how apex predators structure ecosystems. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. Download

  • Haegeman B., Arnoldi J-F., Wang S., de Mazancourt C., Montoya J.M. and Loreau M. (2016) — Resilience, Invariability, and Ecological Stability across Levels of Organization. bioRxiv. Download
  • Donohue I., Hillebrand H., Montoya J.M., Petchey O.L., Pimm S.L., Fowler M., Healy K., Jackson A.L., Lurgi M., McClean D., O’Connor N.E., O’Gorman E.J. and Yang Q. (2016) — Navigating the complexity of ecological stability. Ecology Letters. Press Release and Download
  • Thomas T., Moitinho-Silva L., Lurgi M., Björk J.R., Easson C., Astudillo-Garcia C., Olson J.B., Erwin P.M., Lopez-Legentil S., Luter H., Chaves-Fonnegra A., Costa R., Schupp P.J., Steindler L., Erpenbeck D., Gilbert J., Knight R., Ackermann G., Lopez J.V., Taylor M.W., Thacker R.W., Montoya J.M., Hentschel U. and Webster N.S. (2016) — Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome. Nature Communications 7:11870
  • Boham D.A., Landuyt D., Ma A., Macfadyen S., Martinet V., Massol F., McInerny G., Montoya J.M., Mulder C., Pascual U. etc (2016) — Networking our way to better Ecosystem Service provision. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 31(2): 105-115.
  • Montoya J.M., Galiana N. (2016) — Integrating biogeography and ecological networks. In: Moore J, Ruiter PD editors. Academic Press
  • Montoya J.M. (2015) — Dynamics of indirect extinction. Current Biology (25): R1129-R1131
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Allen A.P., Cellamare M., Dossena M., Gaston K.J., Leitao M., Montoya J.M., Reuman D.C., Woodward G., Trimmer M. (2015) — Five years of experimental warming increases the biodiversity and productivity of phytoplankton communities. PLoS Biology. 12(13): e1002324. Download
  • Lurgi M., Montoya D., Montoya J.M. (2015) — The effects of space and diversity of interaction types on the stability of complex ecological networks. Theoretical Ecology
  • Lurgi M., Galiana N., López B.C., Joppa L., Montoya J.M (2014)— Network complexity and species traits mediate the effects of biological invasions on dynamic food webs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 2:36
  • Vallina S., Follows M.J., Dutkievicz S., Montoya J.M., Cermeño P., Loreau M. (2014) — Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean. Nature Communications. 5: 4299. Download
  • Galiana N., Lurgi M., Montoya J.M., Lopez B.C. (2014) —Invasions cause biodiversity loss and community simplification in vertebrate food webs. Oikos. 123: 721-728. Download
  • Björk J., Diez-Vives C., Coma R., Ribes M., Montoya J.M. (2013)— Specificity and temporal dynamics of complex bacteria-sponge symbiotic interactions. Ecology. 94: 2781-2791. Download
  • Donohue I., Petchey O., Montoya J.M., Jackson A., McNally L., Viana M., Healy K., Lurgi M., O'Connor N., Emmerson M.E. (2013) — On the dimensionality of ecological stability. Ecology Letters. 16: 421-429. Download
  • Brose U., Dunne J.A., Montoya J.M., Petchey O.L., Schneider F.D., Jacob U. (2012) — Climate change in size-structured ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. 367: 2903-2912. Download
  • Montoya J.M (2012) — Ecology. Book review(93): 2501-2502. Download
  • Lurgi M., Lopez B.C., Montoya J.M. (2012) — Climate change impacts on body size distribution and food web structure in mountain ecosystems.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 367(1605): 3050-3057. Download
  • Lurgi M., Lopez B.C., Montoya J.M. (2012) — Novel communities from climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 367: 2913-2922. Download
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Caffrey J.M., Cescatti A., Dossena M., Del Giorgio P., Gasol J.M., Montoya J.M., Pumpanen J., Staehr P.A., Trimmer M. etc (2012) — Reconciling differences in the temperature-dependence of ecosystem respiration across time scales and ecosystem types. Nature. 487: 472-476. Download
  • Dossena M., Yvon-Durocher G., Grey J., Montoya J.M., Perkins D., Trimmer M. (2012) — Warming alters community size structure and ecosystem functioning.Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 279: 3011-3019. Download
  • Planet Earth magazine online
  • Kissling D., Dormann C.F., Groeneveld J., Hickler T., Kühn I., McInerny G.J., Montoya J.M., Römermann C., Schiffers K., Schurr F.M. etc (2012) — Towards novel approaches to modelling biotic interactions in multispecies assemblages at large spatial extents. Journal of Biogeography. Download
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Montoya J.M., Trimmer M., Woodward G. (2011) — Warming alters the size spectrum and shifts the distribution of biomass in freshwater ecosystems. Global Change Biology. 17(4): 1681-1694. Download
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Montoya JM, Woodward G., Jones J.I., Trimmer M. (2011) — Warming increases the proportion of primary production emitted as methane from freshwater mesocosms. Global Change Biology. 17(2): 1225-1234. Download
  • Solé R.V., Saldaña J., Montoya J.M., Erwin D.H. (2010) — Simple model of recovery dynamics after mass extinction. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 267(2): 193-200. Download
  • Recommended by Faculty of 1000 (read recommendation here
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Allen A.P., Montoya J.M., Trimmer M., Woodward G. (2010) — The Temperature Dependence of the Carbon Cycle in Aquatic Ecosystems.Advances in Ecological Research. 43: 267-313. Download
  • Woodward G., Benstead J.P., Beveridge O.S., Blanchard J., Brey T., Brown L.E., Cross W.F., Friberg N., Ings T.C., Jacob U. etc (2010) — Ecological Networks in a Changing Climate. Advances in Ecological Research. 42: 71-138. Download
  • Sarmento H., Montoya J.M., Vazquez-Dominguez E., Vaque D., Gasol J.M. (2010) — Warming effects on marine microbial food web processes: how far can we go when it comes to predictions? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 365(1549): 2137-2149. Download
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Jones J.I., Trimmer M., Woodward G., Montoya J.M. (2010) — Warming alters the metabolic balance of ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 365(1549): 2117-2126. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Raffaelli D. (2010) — Climate change, biotic interactions and ecosystem services. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 365(1549): 2013-2018. Download
  • Joppa L.N., Montoya J.M., Solé R.V., Sanderson J., Pimm S.L. (2010) — On nestedness in ecological networks. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 12(1): 35-46. Download
  • Joppa L.N., Bascompte J., Montoya J.M., Solé R.V., Sanderson J., Pimm S.L. (2009) — Reciprocal specialization in ecological networks. Ecology Letters. 12(9): 961-969. Download
  • Ings T.C., Montoya J.M., Bascompte J., Blüthgen N., Brown L.E., Dormann C.F., Edwards F.K., Figueroa D., Jacob U., Jones J.I. etc (2009) — Ecological networks - beyond food webs. JAE. 78: 253-269. Download
  • Reiss J., Bridle J.R., Montoya J.M., Woodward G. (2009) — Emerging horizons in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 24: 505-514. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Woodward G., Emmerson M.C., Solé R.V. (2009)— Press perturbations and indirect effects in real food webs. Ecology. 90(9): 2426-2433. Download
  • Yvon-Durocher G., Montoya J.M., Emmerson M.C., Woodward G. (2008) — Macroecological patterns and niche structure in a new marine food web.cent.eur.j.biol.. 3(1): 91-103. Download
  • Montoya J.M — Evolution within food webs: the possible and the actual.Heredity. 99: 477-478. Download
  • Montoya J.M (2007) — Unravelling Charles Darwin's entangled bank. Planet Earth. spring: 18-19. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Yvon-Durocher G. (2007) — Ecological networks: Information theory meets Darwin's entangled bank. Current Biology. 17(4): R128-R130. Download
  • Solé R.V., Montoya J.M. (2006) — Ecological network meltdown from habitat loss and fragmentation. In: Pascual M, Dunne J editors. Ecological Networks: Linking Structure to Dynamics in Food Webs. Chicago University Press. p 305-323. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Pimm S.L., Solé R.V. (2006) — Ecological networks and their fragility. Nature. 442: 259-264. Download
  • Woodward G., Ebenman B., Emmerson M.C., Montoya J.M., Olesen J.M., Valido A., Warren P.H. (2005) — Body size in ecological networks. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 20(7): 402-409. Download
  • Emmerson M.C., Montoya J.M., Woodward G. (2005) — Allometric scaling and body-size constraints in complex food webs. In: Ruiter PC, Wolters V, Moore JC editors. Dynamic Food Webs. Academic Press. p 167-178.
  • Woodward G., Montoya J.M. (2005) — Body-size determinants of food web structure and dynamics. In: Ruiter PC, Wolters V, Moore JC editors. Dynamic Food Webs. Academic Press. p 179-197.
  • Montoya J.M., Emmerson M.C., Woodward G. (2005) — Perturbations and indirect effects in complex food webs. In: Ruiter PC, Wolters V, Moore JC editors. Dynamic Food Webs. Academic Press. p 369-380.
  • Montoya J.M., Alonso D., Solé R.V. (2005) — Competition and introduction regime shape exotic bird communities in Hawaii.Biological Invasions. 7(2): 297-307. Download
  • Berlow E.L., Neutel A.M., Cohen J.E., De Ruiter P.C., Ebenman B., Emmerson M.C., Fox J.W., Jansen V.A., Jones J.I., Kokkoris G.D. etc (2004) — Interaction strengths in food webs: issues and opportunities. JAE. 73: 585-598. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Solé R.V. (2003) — Topological properties of food webs: from real data to community assembly models. Oikos. 102(3): 614-622. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Rodriguez M.Á., Hawkins B.A. (2003) — Food web complexity and higher-level ecosystem services. Ecology Letters. 6: 587-593. Download
  • Montoya J.M., Solé R.V. (2002) — Small World Patterns in Food Webs. JTB. Download
  • Solé R.V., Ferrer, Cancho R., Montoya J.M., Valverde S. (2002)— Selection, tinkering, and emergence in complex networks. Complexity. 8(1): 20-33. Download
  • Solé R.V., Montoya J.M., Erwin D.H. (2002) — Recovery after mass extinction: evolutionary assembly in large--scale biosphere dynamics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 357(1421): 697. Download
  • Solé R.V., Rodriguez M.Á. (2001) — La arquitectura de la naturaleza: complejidad y fragilidad en redes ecológicas. Ecosistemas. 2
  • Solé R.V., Montoya J.M. (2001) — Complexity and fragility in ecological networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. Download